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# Courses

For complete and up-to-date course information, including pre-requisites, anti-requisites, weight, breadth, and more, please consult the Western Academic Calendar linked in the course. To search and view the Registrar's timetable for courses, please consult the ** Student Services Timetable **.

## *Quick Navigation*

## Physics

## 1000 Level Courses

### 1101A: Introduction to Physics I

**Description:** An introductory algebra-based course in physics covering the foundation principles of kinematics, forces, conservation of energy and momentum, torque, equilibrium, geometric optics and optical instruments. Fundamental physics concepts are introduced with examples from biological applications.

**Instructors:** S. Basu

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1102B: Introduction to Physics II

**Description: **An introductory algebra-based course in physics covering the foundation principles of oscillations and waves, fluids, electricity, and magnetism. Fundamental physics concepts are introduced with examples from biological applications.

**Instructor:** Next offered in 2023-24

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1201A: Physics for the Sciences I

**Description: **An introductory laboratory-based course in physics covering the foundational principles of kinematics, force and motion, energy, linear momentum, rotational motion, torque, equilibrium, angular momentum, geometric optics and optical instruments. Fundamental physics concepts are introduced with examples in physical, biological, and medical processes to develop students’ problem-solving skills.

**Instructors:** E. Wong, N. Zarir

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1202B: Physics for the Sciences II

**Description: **An introductory laboratory-based course in physics covering the foundational principles of oscillations, waves, fluids, electric fields and potential, DC circuits, magnetic fields, and magnetic induction. Fundamental physics concepts are introduced with examples in physical, biological, and medical processes to develop students’ problem-solving skills.

**Instructor:** A. Ouriadov, B. Tudose

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1401A: Physics for Engineering Students I

**Description: **An introductory calculus-based laboratory course in physics covering the foundational principles of kinematics, force and motion, energy, linear momentum, rotation, torque, and angular momentum, gravitation, fluids.

**Instructor:** B. Tudose, B. Chronik

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1402B: Physics for Engineering Student II

**Description: **An introductory calculus-based laboratory course in physics covering the foundational principles of oscillations, waves, electric fields, and potential, DC circuits, magnetic fields, magnetic induction.

**Instructor:** S. Metchev

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1501A: Enriched Introductory Physics I

**Description: **A calculus-based laboratory course for students intending to pursue further studies in science, particularly the physical sciences. Newton's laws, energy, linear momentum, rotations, and angular momentum, gravitation and planetary motion.

**Instructor:** P. Wiegert

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1502B: Enriched Introductory Physics II

**Description: **A calculus-based laboratory course for students intending to pursue further studies in science, particularly the physical sciences. Relativity, the electromagnetic interaction, the strong and weak interactions, oscillations and waves.

**Instructor:** T. Poepping

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

## 2000 Level Courses

### 2070A: Understanding Earth's Atmosphere

**Description: **This course is designed for non-science students and examines the atmosphere in which we live, how it affects our everyday life, and how we in turn, as the technologically dominant earth-born species, affect it. Atmospheric phenomena such as wind, temperature, composition, precipitation, and electricity are used to illustrate basic physical principles.

**Instructor:** M. Zinke-Allmang

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2101A: Intermediate Physics

**Description: **Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic waves and induction, geometric optics, the propagation of light, thermal properties of matter and the laws of thermodynamics.

**Instructor:** M. Campbell-Brown

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2102B: Introduction to Modern Physics

**Description: **Introduction to quantum mechanics, wave-particle duality, atomic physics, nuclear physics, particle physics and the origins of the universe.

**Instructor:** J. Hutter

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2110A: Oscillations and Waves

**Description: **A unified treatment of oscillatory and wave motion, with examples from mechanics, electromagnetism, optics and materials science. Topics include simple harmonic motion, forced oscillations and resonance, coupled oscillations, transverse waves on strings and in crystals, longitudinal waves in gases and solids, electromagnetic waves, Fourier methods, nonlinear oscillations, and chaos.

**Instructor:** O. Trichtchenko

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 2 laboratory/tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2910G: Introduction to Physical Measurement

**Description: **Students will gain an introduction to experimental techniques through experiments on electricity and magnetism, and modern physics. Concurrent lectures will cover circuit theory and experimental design.

**Instructor:** L. Goncharova

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2950Y: Year Two Seminar

**Description: **A forum for students to meet the third and fourth-year students and faculty in an informal setting. We will discuss research areas, practice giving and critiquing talks, and provide information on careers.

**Instructors:** T. Poepping, P. Wiegert

**Hours:** 1 lecture hour, 0.5 courses.

**Weight:** 0.5

## 3000 Level Courses

### 3151B: Classical Mechanics

**Description: **This course provides students with the tools to tackle more complex problems than those covered in introductory mechanics. D'Alembert's principle, the principle of least action, Lagrange's equations, Hamilton's equations, Poisson brackets, canonical transformations, central forces, rigid bodies, oscillations. Optional topics including special relativity, Hamilton-Jacobi theory, constrained systems, field theory.

**Instructor:** G. Fanchini

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 3200B: Quantum Mechanics I

**Description: **The Schrodinger equation in one dimension, wave packets, stationary states, the harmonic oscillator, the postulates of Quantum Mechanics, operators and eigenvalue equations, angular momentum, the hydrogen atom.

**Instructor:** A. Soddu

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 3300A: Electromagnetic Theory I

**Description: **A study of static electric and magnetic fields using vector calculus; time-varying electric and magnetic fields, Maxwell's equations, electric and magnetic fields in matter.

**Instructor:** M. Campbell-Brown

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 3400A: Introduction to Thermal Physics

**Description: **Thermodynamics applied to classical and quantum systems. Thermodynamic laws, interactions, engines, phase transformations of pure substances, Boltzmann statistics, simple quantum systems.

**Instructor:** C. Denniston

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 3900G: Senior Physics Laboratory

**Description: **A senior physics laboratory designed to familiarize the student with the basic concepts of modern physics, with emphasis on the development of experimental skills and including an introduction to computer programming and its use in experimental analysis.

**Instructor:** T. Poepping

**Hours:** 6 laboratory hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 3926F: Computer Simulations in Physics

**Description: **A project-oriented computation course using applications of numerical methods to problems in medical physics, the science of materials, atmospheric physics and astrophysics. Projects will involve choosing a physical problem, posing scientific questions, and implementing a computer simulation. Techniques for programming, analysis, and presentation will be developed.

**Instructor:** G. Erdemci-Tandogan

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 2 laboratory hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 3950Y: Year Three Seminar

## 4000 Level Courses

### 4251A: Quantum Physics II

**Description: **Potential scattering, spin, the addition of angular momenta, stationary and time-dependent perturbation theory, systems of identical particles, applications to atomic, molecular, solid-state, nuclear, particle and atmospheric physics.

**Instructor:** M. Houde

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 4351B: Electromagnetic Theory II

**Description: **Maxwell's equations; conservation laws; electromagnetic waves and waveguides; electromagnetic radiation; relativistic formulation of electrodynamics.

**Instructor:** A. Sigut

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 4662A: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Not offered 2023-2024)

**Description: **Concepts from electromagnetic theory, quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics will be applied to illuminate the principles and techniques of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Applications of NMR to materials science, chemistry, and medicine will be discussed.

**Instructor:** A. Ouriadov

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 4672B: Radiological Physics

**Description: **An introduction to the instrumentation and techniques of radiation therapy.

**Instructor:** E. Wong

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 4700A: Atmospheres

**Description: **Physical principles are used to investigate the dynamics, thermodynamics and composition of atmospheres with primary focus on Earth. Planetary atmospheres will be discussed in relation to Earth's atmosphere.

**Instructor:** R. Sica

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 4910F/G: Special Topics in Physics: Advanced Physics Projects

### 4931A: Special Topics in Physics: Relativity (Not Offered 2023-24)

**Instructor:** W. Hocking

**Pre-requisites:** Permission of the Department

**Description:** The course aims to introduce students to the principles, philosophy and mechanics of both Special and General Relativity. Special Relativity will occupy about the first 24-26 lectures, and General Relativity will be taught in the last 10-12 lectures. Originally the course will concentrate on simple concepts, using basic calculus, but as it proceeds, the concepts of tensors (covariant, contravariant, mixed and pseudo tensors) will be introduced. These concepts will be crucial to applications of General Relativity.

More specifically, the course will start at a very basic level - about first-year standard for a stronger student. The main concepts of time and space dilation, and simultaneity, will be introduced at this time. By about lecture 6-8, we will start to ramp up the level of difficulty and will begin working with Minkowski diagrams. There will be some repetition of the earlier work, but Minkowski diagrams will allow us to see the issues more clearly, and also allow us to move on to elementary studies of accelerating reference frames and the associated time dilation effects. Complex-number representations of Minkowski will also be considered.

The course becomes somewhat harder from here on, as we do tensor theory (both covariant and contravariant), and apply these techniques to Electromagnetism. Finally we will look into generalization of the metric tensor, work up to Riemann Geometry and then push on to the beginnings of General Relativity. Some examples like derivation of the Schwarzschild radius will be illustrated.

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

Note that lecture times are still to be decided, and will be negotiated with students so as to optimize availability for all.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 4950Y: Year Four Seminar

**Description: **A forum for students to meet the second and third-year students and faculty in an informal setting. We will discuss research areas, practice giving and critiquing talks, and provide information on careers.

**Instructor:** T. Poepping, P. Wiegert

**Hours:** 1 lecture hour

**Weight:** 0.5

### 4999E: Honors Research

## Astronomy

## 1000 Level Courses

### 1021: General Astronomy

**Description: **A general survey of astronomy including the solar system and its constituents; stars, their basic properties, and evolution; systems of stars including clusters, the milky way, and other galaxies; the universe, it's past, present and future structure; astronomical instruments; topics of current interest including pulsars, quasars, black holes.

**Instructor:** M. Zinke-Allmang (Fall), S. Gallagher (Fall), J. Cami (Winter)

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 1.0

## 2000 Level Courses

### 2021A: Search for Life in the Universe

**Description: **This course is designed for non-science students as an introduction to current scientific thinking on the possibility of extraterrestrial life and intelligence. Ideas, observations, and experiments from the frontiers of many areas of science converge in this unique interdisciplinary field. Emphasis will be on topics of current interest, including searches for life in our Solar System, detection of extrasolar planets, and the origins of life on Earth.

**Instructor:** M. Houde

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2022B: The Origin of the Universe

**Description: **This course is designed for non-science students as an introduction to current ideas about the universe. Topics include the Big Bang, cosmic microwave background, the origin of elements, and origin of galaxies, stars, and planetary systems.

**Instructor:** F. Vidotto

**Hours:** 2 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2201B: Planetary Systems

**Description: **An examination of planets and their environments, both in our own Solar System and in planetary systems around other stars. Celestial mechanics; dynamics of the Earth; the Earth-Moon System; planets, including atmospheres and interiors; satellites; comets; meteors; the interplanetary medium; detection, origin, and evolution of planetary systems.

**Instructor:** P. Brown

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2801A: Observing the Stars

**Description: **The properties of stars, the building blocks of the universe, and how we obtain their characteristics. The night sky, coordinates, detectors, telescopes, stellar magnitudes and fluxes, spectra, the interaction of light and matter, Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, stellar evolution, and the Sun. Introduction to astrophysics, the order of magnitude estimates, astronomical nomenclature, and observations.

**Instructor:** P. Wiegert

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

**Weight:** 0.5

## 3000 Level Courses

### 3302A: Astrophysics of Interstellar Space

**Description: **The physics of interstellar space - the gas, dust, electromagnetic radiation, cosmic rays, and magnetic fields - present between the stars in a galaxy and between galaxies. Star formation, the interaction of light and matter, and the physical processes that determine the properties, dynamics, and behaviour of the interstellar medium

**Instructor:** E. Peeters

**Hours:** 3 lecture/tutorial hours. Typically offered in alternate years only.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 3303A: Galaxies (Not offered 2023-24)

**Description: **Introduction to galaxies, including the Milky Way. Galaxy components and their variation with galaxy location, shape, and age; the distribution of galaxies in space and time; interpretation of observational data to derive physical properties of galaxies.

**Instructor:** S. Gallagher

**Hours:** 3 lecture/tutorial hours. Typically offered in alternate years only.

**Weight:** 0.5

## 4000 Level Courses

### 4101B: Stellar Astrophysics (Not offered 2023-24)

**Description: **Internal structure of stars; stellar evolution; stellar atmospheres; the formation of stars

**Instructor:**

**Hours:** 3 lecture/tutorial hours. Typically offered in alternate years only.

**Weight:** 0.5

### 4602B: Gravitational Astrophysics & Cosmology

**Description: ** Introduction to gravity in astrophysics. Application of Newtonian gravitation to basic galactic dynamics and galactic structure. An introduction to general relativity with applications to black holes, cosmology, and the early universe .

**Instructor:** Next offered in 2023-24

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours. Typically offered in alternate years only.

**Weight:** 0.5

## Numerical and Mathematical Methods

## 1000 Level Courses

### 1411A/B: Linear Algebra with Numerical Analysis for Engineering

**Description:** Matrix operations, systems of linear equations, linear spaces and transformations, determinants, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, applications of interest to Engineers including diagonalization of matrices, quadratic forms, orthogonal transformations; introduction to MATLAB with applications from linear algebra.

**Instructors:** B. Tudose

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 2 computer lab or tutorial hours

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1412A/B: Calculus for Engineers I

**Description:** Introduction to complex numbers, limits, continuity, differentiation of functions of one variable with applications, extreme values, l’Hospital’s rule, antiderivatives, definite integrals, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, the method of substitution.

**Instructors:** B. Tudose

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour

**Weight:** 0.5

### 1414B: Calculus for Engineers II

**Description:** Techniques of integration, areas and volumes, arclength and surfaces of revolution, applications to physics and engineering, first order differential equations, parametric curves, polar coordinates, sequences and series, vectors and geometry, vector functions, partial differentiation with applications.

**Instructors:** A. MacIsaac, M. Singh

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour

**Weight:** 0.5

## 2000 Level Courses

### 2270A/B: Applied Mathematics for Engineering II

**Description:** Topics include first order ODE's of various types, higher order ODE's and methods of solving them, initial and boundary value problems, applications to mass-spring systems and electrical RLC circuits, Laplace transforms and their use for solving differential equations, systems of linear ODE's, orthogonal functions and Fourier.

**Instructors:** A. MacIsaac

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2276B: Applied Mathematics for Electrical and Mechanical Engineering III

**Description:** Topics covered include a review of orthogonal expansions of functions and Fourier series and transforms, multiple integration with methods of evaluation in different systems of coordinates, vector fields, line integrals, surface and flux integrals, the Green, Gauss and Stokes theorems with applications.

**Instructors:** B. Chronik

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour

**Weight:** 0.5

### 2277B: Applied Mathematics for Chemical and Civil Engineering III

**Description:** Topics covered include a review of orthogonal expansions of functions and Fourier series, partial differential equations and Fourier series solutions, boundary value problems, the wave, diffusion and Laplace equations, multiple integration with methods of evaluation in different systems of coordinates, vector fields, line integrals, surface and flux integrals, the Green, Gauss and Stokes theorems with applications.

**Instructors:** K. Nguyen

**Hours:** 3 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour

**Weight:** 0.5